History of Mexico

It all started 13,000 years ago. Mexico history. A country rich in history, tradition and culture, it is the country with the most Spanish speakers in the world.

History of Mexico

History of Mexico Timeline. A country rich in history, tradition, and culture is the third-largest country in Latin America and more Spanish speakers than any other nation in the world.

13,000 years ago, first populations.

1500 BC, The Olmecs, the first known major society in Mesoamerica, remembered giant head sculptures that they carved from native stone. The Olmecs lived in the present-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco.

700 BC, The Zapotecs Civilization flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca, left their archaeological evidence in the ancient city of Monte Alban.

100 BC, The Teotihuacan Civilization, built the largest pre-Columbian city in the Americas near present-day Mexico City. The empire of Teotihuacan was overthrown, but Teotihuacan, the spectacular city, survives today.

250 AC, The Mayans, are considered pre-Columbian America’s most brilliant civilization. They developed a calendar and writing system. The Maya civilization was developed in an area encompassing southeastern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador.

900 AC, The Toltec Civilization was an archaeological Mesoamerican culture that dominated a state centred in Tula, Hidalgo and the State of Mexico. The Toltec civilization influenced the Aztec Civilization and Mexico’s cultural history.

1325, Aztec legend, the Mexica people were shown a vision of an eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus, eating a snake. The vision indicated the location where they must build their settlement. The Mexica founded Tenochtitlan on a small swampy island in Texcoco Lake, the inland lake of the Basin of Mexico City. The year of foundation is usually given as 1325.

1521, Hernan Cortes and his followers attacked and conquered the Aztecs. Cortes colonized the area and named it New Spain.

1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a catholic priest from the town of Dolores Guanajuato, issued a call to rebellion and the independence of New Spain.

1821, The rebel leader Vicente Guerrero and defected royalist general Agustin de Iturbide collaborated to obtain Mexico’s independence from Spain.

1910, The Mexican people, resulted from the failure of the 35-year-long regime of Porfirio Díaz and tired of the unbalanced distribution of wealth and power, initiated the Mexican Revolution, also known as the Mexican Civil War.

1914, December 6, Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa during the Mexican Revolution Villa sat in the presidential throne in the Palacio Nacional. Pancho Villa, Commander of the División del Norte (Division of the North), and Emiliano Zapata, Commander of the Ejército Libertador del Sur, joined forces in the Army of the Convention, which fought the Constitutionalist Army of Venustiano Carranza.

1917, February 5, The Constitution of Mexico, formally the United Mexican States’ political Constitution, is the current constitution of Mexico, which was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in the State of Querétaro, by a constitutional convention, during the Mexican Revolution.

Mexican Revolution did not just leave behind the Porfiriato regimen; it also buried the Spanish culture that had remained among people. During the Mexican Revolution was born the Mexican that is known now all over the world. During the revolution was born a country and its identity.

 Read the Book about The History of Mexico

Mexico Population

Mexico Population

Mexico population 2020. One of five Mexicans live in the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico.

Children's Day

Children’s Day

In Mexico, Children’s Day was recognized in May 1916, however, it was not until 1924 when its celebration became official.

Tenochtitlan Mexico


Tenochtitlán, the ancient capital of the Aztec empire, was founded around 1325 C.E. by the Aztec or Mexica people.



Tulum is the most beautiful Mayan city in the Mexican Caribbean. We have the best videos and virtual tour to explore this Amazing City.



Palenque, the door to the Mayan Civilization, is the fourth most visited archaeological site in Mexico with a total of 660,686 annual visitors.

Tren Maya

Tren Maya

El maravilloso México. Conoce todas las 34 estaciones del Tren Maya, descarga la Gran Guía, compra boletos en línea, visita la página oficial.

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